Seasonal allergies and colds share some common symptoms, so it may be hard to tell the two apart. Both conditions typically involve sneezing, a runny nose and congestion. There are some differences, though. Additionally, colds usually include coughing and a sore throat, but these symptoms can also occur in people with hay fever who have post-nasal drip. Itchy eyes are common for seasonal allergiesbut rare for colds. Rima Rachid, director of allergen immunotherapy at Boston Children's Hospital.
5 Signs Your Allergy Symptoms Are a Sign of Something Much Worse
Sneezing is one of your body's natural defenses to get rid of foreign invaders. The same physical reaction occurs for both allergens and cold viruses, so sneezing is generally not the best way to determine whether you have alleggies or colds. However, if you are sneezing and have some of the other symptoms listed in either the cold or allergy sections of this article, you can make a better guess at what you are dealing with. When foreign invaders like pollen or a virus get trapped in the tiny hairs of your nose known as cilia, the invaders can begin to tickle your nose.
This tickling sensation can make your brain trigger a sneeze to get rid of the invaders. By sneezing, the allergens or virus are expelled from your nose. Some of the most common allergens that cause sneezing include: dust, pollen, dander from the fur of animals, and mold. Look at your mucus when you blow your nose. When you get infected with a virus, or allefgies bad allergies, your nose will get stuffed up and start running.
When this happens, take a look at the color: If it is clear, it is likely that you are dealing with allergies. Yellow, green or greyish mucus generally comes along with a cold. Monitor any sinus pain you feel. Sinus pain refers to an aching or sharp pain or pressure that you feel in your nose, eyes, and forehead.
Sniffle Detective: 5 Ways to Tell Colds from Allergies | Live Science
Your sinuses are hollow air spaces in your forehead, behind your cheekbones, and between your eyes. The sinuses release mucus that attempts to keep alllergies and other foreign bodies out. Your sinuses can also become painful because of a cold. This is because your the virus causing the cold can infect your sinuses.
Consider whether you have a sore throat or an itchy throat. Your tonsils are essentially two masses of tissue that filter and trap germs and other microorganisms like allergens as they enter your airways.
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These tissue masses are found in the back of your throat and can also produce antibodies to fight infections. If a large amount of microorganisms, such as a virus causing a cold, get trapped in your tonsils, your throat can become infected. If you are dealing with a cold-caused sore throat, your throat will most likely feel raw or tender.
You may have a hard time swallowing. If you have an itchy throat caused by allergies, your throat will most likely feel like you need to scratch it like you would an itch on your skin.
Pay attention if you are coughing a lot. This is especially true if the us or allergen has reached your respiratory system. A cough caused by a cold might become productive, meaning that you begin coughing up phlegm.
Method 2. Check your body for signs of a rash. A rash that is caused by allergies will generally suck like swollen red bumps or circles.
Do You Have a Cold or Allergies?
When she sees a patient with green or yellow mucus, Rachid said, she tends to think the person has a cold or infection. Seasonal allergies usually produce clear nasal secretions, she said, although sinus infections may confuse the picture.
Sometimes allergy sufferers develop sinus infections, which can result in yellow-colored nasal discharge. Any temperature or muscle aches? Despite the name " hay fever ," seasonal allergies don't usually cause fever or body aches, whereas people with a cold often have these symptoms. Notice allergles allergic salute.
4 Ways to Tell Whether You've Got Allergies or a Cold - wikiHow
When trying to determine if a child's symptoms are due to a cold or seasonal allergies, Rachid often asks parents about "the allergic salute. It means something is bothering them, and could indicate their allergies are getting worse, she explained. Original article on Live Science. Live Science. They can determine whether your symptoms are caused by a virus such as the common cold or by allergies. They can also recommend medications or give you a prescription if you do have allergies.
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Some common allergy medications are Benadryl, Zyrtec, Allegra, and Claritin. They are allergiew available over the counter and in generic forms.
For people with more severe reactions or who do not respond to these medications, a visit to an allergist may be necessary. Allergists thiw conduct tests to determine the exact causes of the allergies and may prescribe allergy shots to alleviate symptoms.
Want to know more about allergy medications? Looking to avoid getting the flu? Our free guide has everything you need to stay healthy this season.
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Clear runny nose Itchy or dry eyes Sneezing Headache. Runny nose - may be clear, green, yellow or white Sneezing Cough Headache Congestion. Want to know more about the common cold? Do allervies know whether you have the cold or flu?
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